Oral thrush is a very common disease. This disease usually occurs to young children because their immune system is weak and they do not yet know how to take care of their mouth. Oral thrush causes a lot of nuisance to your life, especially eating.
However, not everyone knows how to treat this disease. Many patients have cured the disease, but after a while, the disease recurred. For normal healthy people, oral thrush can be cured, but for people with impaired immune system, it is extremely dangerous.
Nonetheless, regardless of the subject, the disease can cause complications and affect health at different levels. Therefore, you need to take proper precautions and treatment. First, let’s take a look at the basics of oral thrush.
1. What is Oral Thrush?
Oral thrush, also known as oral candidiasis, is a fungal infection of the mouth. Oral thrush is not contagious and can be treated with antifungal medications. This is a Candida albicans infection that develops beyond the control of the oral mucosa.
Candida is a normal organ in the mouth, sometimes it develops excessively and causes some symptoms, including oral thrush.Oral thrush causes damage to the mouth, usually the upper part of the tongue or the inside of the cheek.
The lesions may be painful and may bleed a bit when you rub them. Sometimes oral thrush can be spread to the palate, gums, tonsils or throat.
Although oral thrush can affect anyone, it is more likely to occur in young children, denture wearers, corticosteroid users or people with compromised immune systems.
Oral thrush is a small problem if you are healthy, but if you have a weakened immune system, the symptoms of oral candidiasis can be more severe and difficult to control.
2. What are Common Cause of Oral Thrush?
Normally, your immune system works to reverse the effects of harmful invasive organisms such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi, while maintaining a balance between “good” and “bad” bacteria live in the body.
Nevertheless, sometimes the protection mechanisms do not work effectively, so the number of candida fungus increases. This causes oral fungal infections.
Oral thrush and other candidiasis can occur when the immune system is weakened by disease or medication such as prednisone or when antibiotics disrupt the natural balance of microorganisms in the body.
The following diseases and conditions can make you susceptible to oral thrush:
HIV / AIDS
Immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that causes AIDS, which damages or destroys the cells of the immune system.It makes people susceptible to opportunistic infections that the body can normally fight.
The recurrence of oral thrush, along with other symptoms, may be an original sign of an immunological deficiency due to HIV infection.
If you have cancer, the immune system may be weakened by diseases and treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation. Both diseases and treatments can increase the risk of candida infection, causing oral thrush.
If you have diabetes without treatment, your saliva may contain large amounts of sugar. This creates favorable conditions for the growth of Candida, which causes oral thrush.
Vaginal Yeast Infection
Vaginal yeast infections are caused by the same fungus causing oral thrush. Although fungal infection is not dangerous, but if you are pregnant, you can infect fungus for your baby during childbirth. As a result, your baby can get oral thrush.
Other causes of oral thrush include:
- Use antibiotics, especially for a long time or at high doses.
- Taking corticosteroids to treat asthma.
- Wear dentures, especially if it does not suit you.
- Poor oral hygiene.
- Dry mouth.
- Chemotherapy or radiation therapy for cancer.
3. What are Symptoms of Oral Thrush?
The common symptoms of oral thrush are:
- Appearance of creamy white lesions on the tongue, cheek, sometimes on the roof of the mouth, gums and tonsils.
- The lesion that emerges in the mouth is shaped like a piece of cheese.
- Redness or pain in the mouth, causing difficulty in eating or swallowing.
- Bleeding if the affected area is rubbed or scratched.
- The mouth is cracked and red (especially in dentures).
- Feeling like having a cotton pad in your mouth.
- Loss of taste.
In severe cases, the lesions may spread to the esophagus – a long muscle between the throat and stomach (esophagus). If this happens, you may have difficulty swallowing or feeling food as being trapped in the throat.
Initially, you may not notice the symptoms of oral thrush. Depending on the cause of the disease, signs and symptoms may develop slowly or suddenly, lasting for days, weeks or months.
In addition to the special white-tooth lesions, newborns may have other symptoms such as difficulty eating.
They are also often agitated and irritable. Babies can spread the disease to the mother during breastfeeding. Then, the infection can be transmitted back and forth between the mother’s breast and the baby’s mouth.
Women with chest candida infection may experience the following signs and symptoms:
- The nipple is abnormally red, cracked or itchy.
- The skin around the nipple is peeling off.
- Abnormal pain in breastfeeding.
- Pain like a knife stabbed deep inside the breast.
4. Who is At Risk of Oral Thrush?
Oral thrush is a very common condition that affects women much more than men but it can affect patients of all ages.
However, you can control this disease by minimizing risk factors. Refer to your doctor for more information.
In addition, the following cases are susceptible to oral thrush:
- Children or the elderly
- People with weakened immune systems
- The person wearing the denture
- Patients with diabetes
- People who need to take certain medicines like antibiotics or corticosteroids
- People who are undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy for cancer
- People who are suffering from dry mouth
5. When To See A Doctor?
If you have any of these signs or symptoms of oral thrush, but the application of the natural home remedies mentioned in this article does not work or if you have any questions that this article is not able to explain to you, please consult your doctor.
Each person’s body is different. Talking to your doctor is always the best way to know what is best for your condition.
6. Home Remedies For Oral Thrush
The above is basic information about oral thrush. Without in-time oral thrush treatment, the disease will lead to some unwanted complications. Yet, some people do not know how to treat the disease properly, making the disease not cured.
In some cases, the disease was cured, but then it recurred. If you are experiencing these situations, this article is for you.
Let’s take a look at the natural home remedies for oral thrush below. They are all very scientific and effective ways.
Coconut oil is one of the home remedies for oral infections. It eliminates yeasts and reduces the unpleasant sensations associated with oral thrush.
Apply coconut oil directly to your mouth and tongue. Use this way several times a day to quickly achieve results.
Grapefruit Seed Oil
This is the next – one in this list of home remedies for oral thrush. You can apply grapefruit seed oil on the tongue to cope with the problems of thrush.
In addition, you can mix grapefruit seed oil into warm water and rinse your mouth with this solution several times a day to treat various symptoms associated with oral thrush.
Garlic is also one of the natural home remedies for oral thrush. The powerful antimicrobial and antiviral properties of garlic help garlic become a fungal-skin food. Garlic is also helpful in killing the problems caused by yeast.
You can apply garlic oil directly on the tongue, cheeks and other parts of the mouth or chop up 3-4 cloves of garlic daily to reduce fungal infection.
Sea salt is a natural antiseptic and is helpful in the treatment of mild oral thrush.
Method 1. Take two teaspoons of salt and add warm water. Rinse your mouth several times a day with salt water. This is the best way to prevent fungal growth and assist in the treatment of this condition spontaneously.
Method 2. Besides, you can also give a little sea salt to the area of oral thrush, then gently massage the area, to let sea salt dissolve and eradicate pathogenic bacteria. Then, rinse your mouth with lukewarm water. Apply this remedy a few times a day until you achieve results.
This is another remedy in this list of home remedies for oral thrush. Cinnamon is similar to garlic in antifungal. However, you should note that pregnant women are not applicable to this remedy.
Method 1. Mix a few drops of cinnamon in 1 tablespoon of olive oil. Directly apply this mixture to the wounds and keep the mixture in contact with the area for 5-10 minutes then rinse the mouth. Repeat this every day for a few days.
Method 2. Drink cinnamon tea daily. The way to make cinnamon tea is very simple: You only need to mix 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon powder with 1 cup of water, boil this mixture, and filter to have water.
Now you have a glass of cinnamon tea. To enhance the taste of cinnamon tea, you can add a few drops of lemon.
Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar can help you prevent or cure oral thrush. Apple cider vinegar contains many enzymes that can support the immune system very well.
In addition, these enzymes have the ability to fight against candida and block the overgrowth of yeast causing infections.
Method 1. Mix 2 teaspoons of apple vinegar with 1/2 teaspoon of sea salt and 1 cup of warm water. Stir well. Use this mixture to rinse mouth a few times a day. Please apply this method until you get the result.
Method 2. Besides, you can mix 2 teaspoons of apple cider vinegar with 1 teaspoon of honey and one cup of warm water. Stir well and drink. Drink this mixture 1-2 times a day.
Tea Tree Oil
This is one of the home remedies for oral thrush that few people know. Tea tree oil has many beneficial effects on oral hygiene.
With its strong antifungal properties, tea tree oil can control the development of oral thrush. Therefore, it helps to speed up the healing process.
Mix 4-5 drops of tea tree oil with 1 cup of warm water. Stirred. Use this mixture to rinse your mouth. Be sure to apply this remedy several times a day until oral thrush is gone.
One thing to note when you apply this remedy is that you should not swallow the tea tree oil as it can cause unwanted side effects.
[Read: Tea tree oil for Staph Infection]
Using baking soda is the next – one in this list of home remedies for oral thrush. With its antimicrobial and antifungal properties, baking soda can remove yeasts that cause oral thrush. This is a very effective and economical remedy.
Method 1. Mix 1 teaspoon of baking soda with a little water to form a thick mixture. Apply this mixture directly to the oral thrush. After about 4-5 minutes, rinse your mouth with lukewarm water. You can apply this remedy a few times a day until you achieve results.
Method 2. If you are busy, you can mix 1 teaspoon of baking soda with 1 cup of water. Stirred. Use this mixture to rinse your mouth twice a day.
To get rid of this problem, you cannot forget to put oregano oil on the list of home remedies fororal thrush. Oregano oil can help you prevent or cure oral thrush. It can withstand yeast, so it control the growth of oral thrush.
Method 1. Mix 2-3 drops of oregano oil with 1 teaspoon of olive oil. Stirred. Apply this mixture directly to the oral thrush. After about 5 minutes, rinse your mouth with lukewarm water. Apply this method every day until the condition improves.
Method 2. Besides, you can also mix 2-3 drops of oregano oil with a glass of water. Take this mixture twice a day to get the best effect.
Using olive leaf is the last remedy we want to mention in the list of home remedies for oral thrush. Olive leaf can support your immune system.
It also helps to remove yeast causing oral thrush. Therefore, using olive left to treat oral thrush is a good choice.
You can drink tea made from olive leaves. Boil about 2 cups of water. When water is boiled, add 1 to 2 teaspoons of olive leaf and boil for 10 minutes.
Then filter to get water. Now you have a cup of tea. Drink this tea regularly to improve your oral thrush.
Above are natural home remedies for oral thrush in mouth. Apply them to improve your oral thrush. Although they are very simple, but the results they bring you will surprise you.
If oral thrush is detected, it should be treated as soon as possible. If left untreated, especially if the patient is a child, oral thrush will spread throughout the tongue, causing loss of taste. In this case, oral thrush will make children do not want to eat, difficult to feed and often fussy.
If the fungus grows thickly, they can spread into the airway causing pneumonia and lung fungus. They can also spread to the stomach causing diarrhea.
You can confuse oral thrush with coxsackieviruses in young children. If your child has coxsackieviruses, in addition to mouth sores, you will notice the appearance of pink blisters on the soles of the feet, hands, pillows and buttocks of the baby.
Most cases of children with coxsackieviruses, children often have high fever. Therefore, you need to pay attention to identify the disease of the child. From there you can get the correct treatment.