Blackheads: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Home Remedies

Blackheads are usually found in facial areas such as the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks.

Blackheads are small but famous for their stubbornness. They are very hard to cope and cure. They directly affect the aesthetics of our faces.

They make many people feel anxious and self-deprecating when communicating.

Blackheads do not cause inflammation so many people are not interested in getting rid of them.

However, if for a long time, it is likely that blackheads will develop into pustules. This is also a type of acne that is difficult to treat and can leave scarring.

Therefore, you should not be subjective and also should not despise these blackheads.

There are many ways of treating blackheads in nature. They are highly effective, friendly to sensitive skin and cost effective

Before learning about these helpful natural home remedies, let’s take a look at the basic knowledge of blackheads to get the most general look, as well as determine your blackheads condition to have the appropriate treatment.

1. What Are Blackheads?

Basically, blackheads are no different than other acne. This is a very common skin condition in adolescents and adults.

According to dermatologists, blackheads are actually open-faced cavities or small blackheads. The symptoms of blackheads are often not the same. They often vary in size, color, and severity.

What Are Blackheads

Non-inflamed acne is indicated by signs of whiteheads and blackheads, commonly referred to as pustules.

Blackheads are open cavities, small nodules whose heads are black, or they can also be described as hair follicles filled with sebum and dead skin cells.

Because the pores have mouth open on the surface of the skin, acne is more likely to have oxidative reactions, forming dark melanin pigments when exposed to oxygen in the external environment, causing black.

Blackheads are the first signs of acne lesions. Blackheads are usually found in areas of the skin that have multiple sebaceous glands (forehead, nose or chin).

Blackheads are one of the causes of enlarged pores. They are also “favorite dishes” of bacteria.

Therefore, if not treated promptly, blackheads are prone to complications, forming inflammatory cavities, leaving more severe lesions on the skin.

2. What Are Common Causes Of Blackheads?

Hormonal Imbalance

The hormonal imbalance stimulates the swollen abdominal cavity to enlarge, and the excretory secretion is enhanced, so that the amount of oil on the skin will be excessive.

At the same time, the horn on the skin is created, sealed the exit hole of pulp, clog pores to facilitate the bacteria to reproduce. This is the direct cause of blackheads that many people experience.

Resting And Eating Regimes

This is one of the causes of blackheads that few people know about. However, even when you are stressed, you will have a hormonal disorder, making the sebaceous glands stronger.

Every time you worry, it tends to give you a lot of sweat and make the skin more oily, causing your pores to become uneventful. This causes blackheads to appear.

In addition, overeating greasy, spicy and hot foods also cause blackheads to appear on the skin.


This is the cause of blackheads that cannot be changed. However, if there is the right treatment, blackheads can still be improved significantly.

Toxins Accumulate Inside The Body

The excretion of the body’s internal organs is not good enough to cause the toxins to accumulate in the body.

The amount of excess toxic will be excreted through the lungs and skin resulting in blackheads appearance.

Skincare Regime

This is one of the most common causes of blackheads today. Inappropriate use of cosmetics or excessive cleansing can damage skin and also make blackheads appear more easily.

When you overuse overlapping cosmetics on the face, this will cause the pores to become clogged leading to the function of the subcutaneous swollen glands under the disorder.

This causes more oil to be released. That’s why blackheads appear.

Impact Of Environmental Pollution

Contaminated environment pollution heavily affects the skin. Even the change of weather can make the skin weaken.

The skin does not have time to adapt to the negative impact from the environment.


They cling to the skin, hidden deep in the pores and if not properly cleaned, they clog pores, resulting in blackheads.

Some Medicines

Some drugs such as lithium and steroids can cause clogged pores. That also lead to blackheads appearance.

In some places, the weather is hot, humid and polluted, so your skin pours a lot of sweat and mucus. This is one of the main causes of blackheads.

Facial Skin Is Not Kept Clean

If you do not keep your skin clean, especially during puberty – the time it is likely that you may face blackhead problems, you will likely have blackheads on your face.

Skin that is not cleaned properly will clog the pores quickly. The blocked pores accelerate the accumulation of oil inside, thus causing blackheads.

Alcohol And Caffeine

Studies have found that alcohol and caffeine have an adverse effect on your skin. Stimulants in caffeine trigger the growth of sebaceous glands that clog pores.


Smoking leads to acne by blocking the skin pores. It also prevents blackhead treatment. Cigarette smoke contains tar particles, ash and many other chemicals that damage the upper layer of your skin.

3. What Are Symptoms Of Blackheads?

Blackheads are very noticeable on the face. They are slightly raised spots on the skin surface and are usually dark in color. Blackheads usually do not cause soreness or redness like pustules. However, if you squeeze acne, they can progress more aggressively, cause inflammation and become pustules.

4. Who Is At Risk Of Blackheads?

Blackheads are a very common type of acne and occur at any age. However, women are more likely than men to suffer. Puberty is the age of most blackheads. Fortunately, blackheads can be easily controlled and treated if applied proper ways.

5. When To See A Doctor?

You should contact your doctor if you have any of the following signs:

  • When home remedies cannot get rid of blackheads
  • Blackheads are getting heavier
  • When acne or related symptoms make you uncomfortable

6. Home Remedies For Blackheads

You have the most general view on blackheads. If blackheads are causing a lot of trouble to your life, you do not need to worry, this article will offer great home remedies.

They are simple and effective. By applying them scientifically and persistently, you will achieve the results you desire. Let’s take a look at some of the most useful home remedies for blackheads.


This is the first way in the list of natural home remedies for blackheads on face. Honey has anti-inflammatory and antiseptic properties, which help to treat blackheads effectively.

The strong antimicrobial ingredients in honey will help you to quickly get rid of blackheads on your face. The simplest way is to apply pure honey gently to the area of blackheads.

After about 15 minutes, wash your face clean. Besides, you can also mix 1 teaspoon of honey with 1 teaspoon of aloe vera juice and spread this mixture over the blackhead area.

After 15 minutes, wash your face with warm water. Apply these remedies 1-2 times a week to achieve results.

Egg White

Egg whites contain lots of vitamins and minerals that are beneficial to the skin. In addition to helping skin whiten and smooth, egg white is also capable of treating blackheads.

You need to prepare one egg, separate the whites, beat them up and apply them directly to the area of blackheads.

Then, wait until it is dry and rinse with lukewarm water. With this blackhead treatment, do it regularly 2-3 times a week for the best results.


This is the next – one in this list of home remedies for blackheads. Hot steam is also effective in treating blackheads, because it keeps the pores from clogging and is always ventilated.

You put a few drops of essential oil in hot water, let the water cool down and then use a towel to cover your head.

Steam for 15-20 minutes, you will see your skin cleaner and blackheads are also decreased a lot.

Mint And Turmeric

This is one of the home remedies for blackheads that few people know, but it is very effective. Mint and turmeric have antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

You just need to mix mint juice with a proper amount of turmeric powder. Then, apply the mixture to blackheads.

Leave for 15 – 30 minutes and rinse with lukewarm water. Apply this method 1-2 times a week to achieve results.

Coriander leaves

The essential oils in coriander help deep cleanse the pores, eliminate acne and prevent sebaceous glands from developing, thereby limiting the appearance of blackheads.

Method 1. To make a mask, you need to grind some fresh coriander with water and mix this solution with 1 teaspoon of turmeric powder. Apply this mixture to the skin with blackheads. Leave for 15 minutes and rinse thoroughly. Apply this remedy every day, blackheads will quickly disappear.

Method 2. Mix coriander juice with lemon juice in a ratio of 1: 1. Then apply the solution to blackheads. Leave for 5 – 10 minutes and rinse thoroughly. This method also works similarly to the above method.

Papaya, Cucumber And Strawberry

Using ginger is the next – one in this list of home remedies for blackheads. Papaya, cucumber and strawberry contain healthy ingredients and are effective ingredients for beauty.

Use half a cup of crushed papaya, 1/4 cup cucumber juice and 5 mashed strawberries. Mix all ingredients up and keep in the fridge for about 30 minutes.

Then apply directly to the face and neck. Leave for 15-20 minutes and then rinse with water. Apply these remedies 1-2 times a week to achieve results.


Toothpaste contains many substances that help kill acne bacteria such as sodium pyrophosphate (which removes excess calcium as one of the causes of acne), silica (works against acne bacteria and healing wounds) and baking soda (which reduces the amount of oil on the skin).

If you want to have blackheads on your nose with toothpaste, just apply a thin layer of toothpaste to this area.

Allow to dry for 25 minutes then rinse. It should be done every 2 days for 2 weeks to achieve the desired results.


Using lemon is also a home remedies for blackheads that you should try. Lemon is also one of the natural fruits that have anti-acne properties and good anti-oxidant properties because of their high levels of vitamin C and antioxidants.

Natural acid in lemon will also prevent the growth of bacteria that cause acne. Lemon juice helps to clear clogged pores, reduce redness and helps the skin surface to become smooth and natural white.

To remove blackheads, you can apply the following three easy methods:

Method 1. Rinse your face with lukewarm water before applying a mixture of 1 lemon juice and salt. Let about 20 minutes then rinse with lukewarm water.

Method 2. Mix 3 tablespoons of yogurt with 2 tablespoons of oatmeal, 1 teaspoon of olive oil and 1 tablespoon of lemon juice. Stir the mixture and apply to areas with blackheads. Wait about 5 -7 minutes before rinsing with cold water.

Method 3. Mix lime juice with cinnamon and apply to the areas with blackheads. Leave overnight. Similar to lemon juice, cinnamon powder has a bactericidal effect. Cinnamon powder also helps reduce pores and exfoliate. Therefore, the next morning, after cleansing your face, you will notice the blackheads have been reduced dramatically.


This is the last remedy we want to mention in the list of home remedies for blackheads. Due to its natural antiseptic properties, fresh tomatoes are also considered to be effective in helping fight acne.

Peel, crush a tomato and apply it to the blackhead area at night before going to bed. Wash your face in the next morning with lukewarm water. Apply this remedy 1-2 times a week to achieve the desired effect.

You have just learned the natural home remedies to treat blackheads on the face. Apply them properly, you will be amazed at the results that they bring to you.

7. Prevention

Subjective and impatient issues are common psychology of most people who have had blackheads.

Because blackheads are very small and they are located near the skin surface, people generally assume that blackheads treatment are actually very simple.

However, improper treatment of blackheads not only does not completely clear up acne, but it also exacerbates acne. When you have blackheads, you should note the following:

Absolutely Not Squeeze Blackheads

Squeeze the pimples causing pain and redness. This method can get rid of acne but not eliminate completely. Blackheads will continue appearing.

Squeezing acne causes scratches. That can leave scars, bruises on the skin and cause aesthetic.

Do Not Abuse Peeling Blackheads

Peeling is one of the most popular blackhead treatments currently in use. Peeling acne is like squeezing acne that does not bring the optimal effect.

Peeling also stimulates the sebaceous glands to function strongly and inadvertently increases the clogging of the pores. Blackheads are not only untreated but also outbreak and widespread.

Do Not Scrub Dead Skin Cells Too Many Times

Blackheads are not just dead skin cells, so only using exfoliating to treat blackheads will not be effective.

Furthermore, exfoliating also causes the skin to thin, become weaker, susceptible to sunburn and is affected by external environmental factors.

Therefore, exfoliating too many times is not a good way to treat blackheads.

Blackheads: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention, and Home Remedies
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